Managing the systemic impact of Periodontitis

Giuseppe Mainas, Mark Ide, Manfredi Rizzo, Antonio Magan-Fernandex, Francesco Mesa, Luigi Nibali*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)
101 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Periodontitis is a microbially driven host-mediated disease that leads to loss of periodontal attachment and bone. It is associated with elevation of systemic inflammatory markers and with the presence of systemic co-morbidities. Furthermore, periodontal treatment leads to a 24–48 h-long acute local and systemic inflammatory response. This systemic response might increase the burden of patients with compromised medical history and/or uncontrolled systemic diseases. The correlation between periodontitis and systemic diseases, the impact of periodontitis on the quality of life and public health, the effects of periodontal treatment on systemic health and disease, and the available methods to manage systemic inflammation after periodontal therapy are discussed. The main focus then shifts to a description of the existing evidence regarding the impact of periodontitis and periodontal treatment on systemic health and to the identification of approaches aiming to reduce the effect of periodontitis on systemic inflammation.

Original languageEnglish
Article number621
JournalMedicina
Volume58
Issue number5
Early online date29 Apr 2022
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 29 Apr 2022

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