Mapping the public first-aid training landscape: uptake, knowledge, confidence and willingness to deliver first aid in disasters/emergencies– a scoping review

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Abstract

While the public can play a vital role in saving lives during emergencies, intervention is only effective if people have the skills, confidence and willingness to help. This review employed amfive-stage framework to systematically analyse first aid and emergency helping literature from 22 countries (predominately in Europe, Australasia or US). 54 articles were included in the review and investigated public first-aid knowledge and uptake of first-aid training (40), public confidence in first-aid skills or willingness to help during an emergency (21); and barriers/enablers to learning first aid and/or delivering first aid in an emergency (25). Findings identifying high levels of perceived knowledge/confidence and willingness to help supports the contention that the public can play a vital role during an emergency. However, findings
identifying low uptake levels, low tested skill-specific knowledge, along with barriers to learning first aid and helping suggest a first-aid training landscape in need of improvement.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)205-228
Number of pages23
JournalDisasters
Volume44
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 16 Sept 2019

Keywords

  • bystander intervention
  • emergency helping
  • first-aid training
  • first aid in disasters
  • lay bystanders
  • scoping review

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