Background: Preeclampsia (PE) is an independent risk factor for adverse maternal cardiovascular outcomes. The role of maternal cardiac function in the pathophysiology of PE remains unclear. Objectives: This study sought to describe differences in cardiac function at midgestation between women who develop PE and those with uncomplicated pregnancy and to establish whether routine cardiac assessment at midgestation can improve performance of screening for PE achieved by established biomarkers. Methods: Mean arterial pressure was measured, medical history was obtained, and left ventricular (LV) systolic and diastolic functions were assessed using standard echocardiography and speckle tracking imaging. Uterine artery pulsatility index and serum placental growth factor and soluble fms-like tyrosine kinase-1 were measured. Results: In 4,795 pregnancies, 126 (2.6%) developed PE. Following multivariable analysis, peripheral vascular resistance was significantly higher and LV global longitudinal systolic strain, ejection fraction, cardiac output, and left atrial area were mildly lower in women who developed PE compared to those who did not. There was a weak association between maternal cardiovascular indices and biomarkers of placental perfusion and function. Cardiac indices did not improve the performance of screening for PE on top of maternal risk factors, mean arterial pressure, and biomarkers of placental perfusion and function. Conclusion: Women who develop PE have an increase in peripheral vascular resistance and a mild reduction in LV functional cardiac indices long before PE development. However, cardiac indices do not improve the performance of screening for PE; thus, their routine clinical use is not advocated.
- cardiac function
- peripheral vascular resistance
- risk factor