Matrix Metalloproteinase-7 and Osteopontin Serum Levels as Biomarkers for Biliary Atresia

Bashar Aldeiri, Tengfei Si, Zhenlin Huang, Núria Torner, Yun Ma, Mark Davenport, Nedim Hadzic

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives: Matrix metallopeptidase-7 (MMP-7) and osteopontin (OPN) are important components in the pathophysiology of fibrosis in biliary atresia (BA). There has been much recent interest in MMP-7 serum level in the diagnosis of BA. We aimed to assess the diagnostic accuracy and prognostic value of both MMP-7 and OPN in a Western BA study. Methods: Diagnostic value was assessed by comparison of serum MMP-7 and OPN levels in infants with BA and age-matched cholestatic controls. Prognostic value was assessed through subsequent clearance of jaundice (COJ) and need for liver transplantation (LT). Results: Serum was assessed from 32 BA and 27 controls. Median MMP-7 was higher in BA (96.4 vs 35 ng/mL; P < 0.0001) with an optimal cut-off value of 69 ng/mL. Sensitivity and specificity was 68% and 93%, respectively [negative predictive value (NPV) = 71%]. Similarly, median OPN was higher in BA (1952 vs 1457 ng/mL; P = 0.0001) and an optimal cut-off of 1611 ng/mL. Sensitivity and specificity was 84% and 78%, respectively (NPV = 81%). MMP-7 level correlated positively with Ishak liver fibrosis score (r = 0.27, P = 0.04). Neither MMP-7 (70 vs 100 ng/mL; P = 0.2) nor OPN (1969 vs 1939 ng/mL; P = 0.3) were predictive of COJ, or need for LT (99 vs 79 ng/mL; P = 0.7, and 1981 vs 1899 ng/mL; P = 0.2), respectively. Conclusions: MMP-7 and OPN may have contributory value in the diagnosis of BA, but remain far of the "gold standard" role. Much more prospective data are required and collaborative multi-center initiatives should be the next logical steps.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)97-102
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of pediatric gastroenterology and nutrition
Volume77
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2023

Keywords

  • Infant
  • Humans
  • Biliary Atresia
  • Osteopontin
  • Matrix Metalloproteinase 7
  • Prospective Studies
  • Biomarkers

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