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Measurement of quality of life in alcohol-dependent subjects by a cancer symptoms checklist

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)105 - 110
Number of pages6
JournalAlcohol
Volume20
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2000

King's Authors

Abstract

There are few studies of Quality of Life measures (QoL) in alcohol-misusing patients. The present study addresses this deficiency. The sample consisted of 60 (39 men, 21 women) alcohol dependent subjects defined by DSM-IV criteria (American Psychiatric Association, 1994), At baseline (4-5 days after admission and detoxification) sociodemographic data were collected, and three questionnaires were administered: the Rotterdam Symptoms Checklist (RSCL), the Severity of Alcohol Dependence Questionnaire (SADQ), and Alcohol Problems Questionnaire (APQ). QoL scores for dependent alcoholics both for physical and psychological measures were significantly worse (higher) than those reported for a variety of cancer patients. Psychological symptom scores were higher than physical symptoms at baseline. Correlations of RSCL scores to both SADQ and APQ were greater for RSCL physical compared to psychological symptom scores. The subjects were followed up at 12 weeks when the RSCL was re-administered and relapse status ascertained. Fifty-eight (97%) subjects were successfully contacted at 12 weeks of whom 36 (62%) had relapsed. After a repeated measures ANOVA psychological and physical symptom subscores were statistically significantly improved as a result of not relapsing to heavy drinking. There was no significant change in scores in the relapse group when baseline and week 12 scores were compared. The RSCL measure is a useful QoL assessment tool in alcohol-dependent subjects. (C) 2000 Elsevier Science Inc. All rights reserved.

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