Measurement uncertainty associated with chromatic confocal profilometry for 3D surface texture characterization of natural human enamel

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Abstract

Objective To investigate the measurement performance of a chromatic confocal profilometer for quantification of surface texture of natural human enamel in vitro. Methods Contributions to the measurement uncertainty from all potential sources of measurement error using a chromatic confocal profilometer and surface metrology software were quantified using a series of surface metrology calibration artifacts and pre-worn enamel samples. The 3D surface texture analysis protocol was optimized across 0.04 mm2 of natural and unpolished enamel undergoing dietary acid erosion (pH 3.2, titratable acidity 41.3 mmol OH/L). Results Flatness deviations due to the x, y stage mechanical movement were the major contribution to the measurement uncertainty; with maximum Sz flatness errors of 0.49 μm. Whereas measurement noise; non-linearity’s in x, y, z and enamel sample dimensional instability contributed minimal errors. The measurement errors were propagated into an uncertainty budget following a Type B uncertainty evaluation in order to calculate the Standard Combined Uncertainty (uc), which was ±0.28 μm. Statistically significant increases in the median (IQR) roughness (Sa) of the polished samples occurred after 15 (+0.17 (0.13) μm), 30 (+0.12 (0.09) μm) and 45 (+0.18 (0.15) μm) min of erosion (P < 0.001 vs. baseline). In contrast, natural unpolished enamel samples revealed a statistically significant decrease in Sa roughness of −0.14 (0.34) μm only after 45 min erosion (P < 0.05 s vs. baseline). Significance The main contribution to measurement uncertainty using chromatic confocal profilometry was from flatness deviations however by optimizing measurement protocols the profilometer successfully characterized surface texture changes in enamel from erosive wear in vitro.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)e273-e281
JournalDental Materials
Volume33
Issue number6
Early online date1 May 2017
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2017

Keywords

  • Surface texture characterisation
  • Enamel
  • Erosion
  • Profilometry

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