Measurements of volumetric bone mineral density in the mandible do not predict spinal osteoporosis

Zhe Guo, Xia Du, Ling Wang, Kai Li, Jun Jiao, Giuseppe Guglielmi, Khrystyna Zhurakivska, Lorenzo Lo Muzio, Glen M. Blake, Xiaoguang Cheng

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    8 Citations (Scopus)


    OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to determine whether the trabecular volumetric Bone Mineral Density (vBMD) of the middle, body and angle of the mandible correlates with vBMD of the cervical and lumbar vertebrae in a Chinese population. METHODS AND MATERIALS: 661 subjects (270 males, 391 females), ranging from 20 to 59 years of age, were recruited for vBMD measurements by quantitative CT (QCT). Basic information (age, height and weight), vBMD of the mandible (middle, body and angle sites), and vBMD of the cervical and lumbar vertebrae were recorded. Spearman's rank correlation test was used to investigate the association of mandibular with vertebral vBMD. RESULTS: The study cohort comprised 661 subjects: 270 (41%) males, 391 (59%) females. Median age in males was 40 (range, 21-59) years. Median age in females was 41 (range, 20-59) years. Values of the Spearman correlation coefficient between mandibular and vertebral vBMD ranged from R = 0.048 to 0.141. In males, the three correlation coefficients between mandibular and cervical vBMD (middle: R = 0.138; body: R = 0.126; angle: R = 0.122) were all statistically significant (p < 0.05). In females, the correlation between the middle mandibular site and cervical site was statistically significant (R = 0.141, p < 0.01). None of the other correlations examined were statistically significant. CONCLUSION: In this study population, mandibular vBMD was at best weakly correlated with cervical and lumbar vertebral vBMD, indicating that mandibular vBMD should be measured independently for the assessment of mandibular bone status.

    Original languageEnglish
    Article number20190280
    Number of pages1
    JournalDento maxillo facial radiology
    Issue number3
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2020


    • Bone density
    • Computed tomography
    • Mandible
    • Spine


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