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Measures of psychosocial factors that may influence help-seeking behaviour in cancer: A systematic review of psychometric properties

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)79-99
Number of pages21
JournalJournal of Health Psychology
Issue number1
Early online date16 May 2017
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2019


King's Authors


Advanced stage cancer is frequently attributed to delays in presentation to a healthcare professional. To reduce undue delay, it is imperative to understand the reasons underlying help-seeking behaviour and to measure those using valid and reliable tools. This systematic review aimed to identify how studies have measured psychosocial factors affecting time to presentation for (potential) cancer symptoms. A total of 35 studies were included. Most studies failed to use valid and reliable tools, and predominantly provided inconclusive results regarding psychosocial factors and time to presentation when no or minimal psychometric evidence was present. Consequently, measure selection and future measure development should be guided by psychometric principles.

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