Mental illness among journalists: A systematic review

Yuta Aoki*, Estelle Malcolm, Sosei Yamaguchi, Graham Thornicroft, Claire Henderson

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

36 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background:

Mass media depictions of people with mental illness have a strong influence on public attitudes, to the extent that changes in these depictions can reduce public stigmatization of people with such illness. Journalists' mental health may influence their depiction of those with mental illness, but little is known about this.

Aims:

To investigate mental illness among journalists in five key areas: (1) journalists' mental health status; (2) journalists' personal attitudes towards mental illness; (3) attitudes and support journalists expect or have experienced from colleagues when they have a mental health problem; (4) effect of journalism's professional culture on the course of mental illness; and (5) effect of journalism's professional culture on mass media depictions of people with mental illness.

Methods:

We performed a systematic screening of MEDLINE, PsycINFO, EMBASE, Web of Science and the Cochrane Library regarding the study aims.

Results:

We identified 19, 12, seven and four studies for aims 1, 2, 3, and 4, respectively. No articles were found for aim 5.

Conclusions:

The prevalence of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) among journalists is higher than that among the general population. Journalists have positive personal attitudes towards mental illness, but there are perceived workplace disincentives to disclose mental health problems.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberN/A
Pages (from-to)377-390
Number of pages14
JournalInternational Journal of Social Psychiatry
Volume59
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2013

Keywords

  • Journalist
  • journalism
  • mental disorder
  • stigma
  • prejudice
  • POSTTRAUMATIC-STRESS-DISORDER
  • TRAUMATIC EXPOSURE
  • COLLEGE-STUDENTS
  • MEDICAL-STUDENTS
  • SELF-REPORT
  • ATTITUDES
  • SYMPTOMS
  • PTSD
  • WAR
  • PROFESSIONALS

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