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Mental illness and recovery: An interpretative phenomenological analysis of the experiences of Black African service users in England

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Isaac Tuffour, Alan Simpson, Lisa Reynolds

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)104-118
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Research in Nursing
Issue number1-2
Early online date5 Mar 2019
Accepted/In press25 Sep 2018
E-pub ahead of print5 Mar 2019
Published5 Mar 2019


King's Authors



Research conceptualising recovery is predominantly Eurocentric. This paper develops the conceptualisation of recovery by Black African service users.


Our aim was to explore Black African service users’ experiences of recovery from mental illness and to understand how they conceptualise recovery.


Using a qualitative research approach and interpretative phenomenological analysis (IPA), semi-structured interviews were conducted with 12 Black African service users recovering from mental illness in England.


Participants conceptualised recovery as a pragmatic and subjective concept distributed across a continuum of clinical, functional and spiritual dimensions, resilience, identity and their social and cultural backgrounds.


It seems critical for all stakeholders to ensure that these components are embedded in recovery-oriented services for Black African service users.

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