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Mesenchymal stromal cells improve human islet function through released products and extracellular matrix

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2835-2845
Number of pages11
JournalClinical Science
Volume131
Issue number23
Early online date28 Nov 2017
DOIs
Accepted/In press1 Nov 2017
E-pub ahead of print28 Nov 2017

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King's Authors

Abstract

Aims: The aims of the present study were (i) to determine whether the reported beneficial effects of mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) on mouse islet function extend to clinically relevant human tissues (islets and MSCs), enabling translation into improved protocols for clinical human islet transplantation; and (ii) to identify possible mechanisms through which human MSCs influence human islet function. Materials and methods: Human islets were co-cultured with human adipose tissue-derived MSCs (hASCs) or pre-treated with its products - extracellular matrix (ECM) and annexin A1 (ANXA1). Mouse islets were pre-treated with mouse MSC-derived ECM. Islet insulin secretory function was assessed in vitro by radioimmunoassay. Quantitative RT-PCR was used to screen human adipMSCs for potential ligands of human islet G-protein-coupled receptors. Results: We show that co-culture with hASCs improves human islet secretory function in vitro, as measured by glucose-stimulated insulin secretion, confirming previous reports using rodent tissues. Furthermore, we demonstrate that these beneficial effects on islet function can be partly attributed to the MSC-derived products ECM and ANXA1. Conclusions: Our results suggest that hASCs have the potential to improve the quality of human islets isolated for transplantation therapy of Type 1 diabetes. Furthermore, it may be possible to achieve improvements in human islet quality in a cell-free culture system by using the MSC-derived products ANXA1 and ECM.

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