Microbiota changes due to grape seed extract diet improved intestinal homeostasis and decreased fatness in parental broiler hens

Jeremy Grandhaye, Veronique Douard, Ana Rodriguez-Mateos, Yifan Xu, Alex Cheok, Antonella Riva, Rodrigo Guabiraba, Olivier Zemb, Catherine Philippe, Magali Monnoye, Christophe Staub, Eric Venturi, Alix Barbe, Christelle Ramé, Joelle Dupont, Pascal Froment*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In poultry, the selection of broilers for growth performance has induced a deterioration in the health of the parental hens associated with poor reproductive efficiency. To improve these parameters, we administered to laying parental broiler hens a regular diet supplemented or not (Control) with a moderate (1%) or a high level (2%) of grape seed extract (GSE). The 1% GSE diet was administered from a young age (from 4 to 40 weeks of age) and the high level of 2% GSE was administered only during a 2-week period (from 38 to 40 weeks of age) in the laying period. The analysis of 40-week-old hens showed that 2% GSE displayed a reduction in the fat tissue and an improvement in fertility with heavier and more resistant eggs. Seven monomer phenolic metabolites of GSE were significantly measured in the plasma of the 2% GSE hens. GSE supplementation increased the relative abundance of the following bacteria populations: Bifidobacteriaceae, Lactobacilliaceae and Lachnospiraceae. In conclusion, a supplementation period of only 2 weeks with 2% GSE is sufficient to improve the metabolic and laying parameters of breeder hens through a modification in the microbiota.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1141
Pages (from-to)1-19
Number of pages19
JournalMicroorganisms
Volume8
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2020

Keywords

  • Adipose tissue
  • Broiler
  • Grape seed
  • Microbiota

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