Mine clearance, peacebuilding and development: Interactions between Sustainable Development Goals and Infrastructure in Angola

Eka Ikpe, Sarah Njeri

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Abstract

In this article, we analyse mine clearance through a peacebuilding and development lens. Specifically, we will focus on the interaction between Anti-vehicle Mines (AVM) clearance and longer-term peacebuilding and development in relation to agricultural, conservation, trade, and infrastructural development priorities in the provinces of Cuando Cubango and Huambo in Angola. AVM clearance has not always been prioritised in the humanitarian mine clearance phase but is critical in later developmental stages due to the increased need for and use of infrastructure, particularly for transport. To investigate the interaction between clearance, peacebuilding, and developmental outcomes, we will deploy the Mine Clearance and Peacebuilding Synergies (MPS) framework. Our critical analysis of qualitative primary data will demonstrate how clearance engages Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and infrastructure priorities towards improvements in agricultural production, trade and access to markets, social and physical infrastructure and social cohesion. But its impacts are challenged by endogenous factors such as wider infrastructural investment and exogenous factors including environmental and climate change concerns.
Original languageEnglish
JournalPeacebuilding
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 2024

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