King's College London

Research portal

Minimally invasive left-sided esophagectomy (MILO): A novel approach for locally advanced tumors of the gastroesophageal junction

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Original languageEnglish
Article numberdoaa059
JournalDiseases of the Esophagus
Issue number1
Published1 Jan 2021

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright: © 2020 The Author(s) 2020. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus. All rights reserved. For permissions, please e-mail: Copyright: Copyright 2021 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.

King's Authors


Recent national audit has shown that levels of minimally invasive esophagectomy for cancer have increased to around 45% in the UK. The hybrid approach is the most common, with a laparoscopic abdominal phase and an open thoracic dissection. A number of centers have now adopted a two-phase Ivor-Lewis minimally invasive esophagectomy using a laparoscopic abdominal phase, followed by a thoracoscopic chest phase with a mini-thoracotomy to extract the specimen. The two-phase nature of the procedure lengthens the operative time and makes returning to the abdominal cavity difficult. The thoracotomy incision can also be painful and may reduce respiratory function post operatively. This report describes a novel single-phase minimally invasive left-sided technique with a mini-laparotomy for specimen extraction. This method offers excellent hiatal exposure, avoids a thoracotomy, and shortens the procedure time. Minimally invasive left-sided esophagectomy is a new useful approach for tumors located at the gastroesophageal junction.

View graph of relations

© 2020 King's College London | Strand | London WC2R 2LS | England | United Kingdom | Tel +44 (0)20 7836 5454