TY - CHAP

T1 - Minimum cost homomorphisms to oriented cycles with some loops

AU - Karimi, Mehdi

AU - Gupta, Arvind

PY - 2009/12/1

Y1 - 2009/12/1

N2 - For digraphs D and H, a homomorphism of D to H is a mapping f V (D)→V (H) such that uv ∈ A(D) implies f(u)f(v) 2 A(H). Suppose D and H are two digraphs, and ci(u), u ∈ V (D), i 2 V (H), are nonnegative real costs. The cost of the homomorphism f of D to H is Σ u∈V (D) cf(u)(u). The minimum cost homomorphism for a fixed digraph H, denoted by MinHOM(H), asks whether or not an input digraph D, with nonnegative real costs ci(u), u 2 V (D), i 2 V (H), admits a homomorphism f to H and if it admits one, find a homomorphism of minimum cost. The minimum cost homomorphism problem seems to offer a natural and practical way to model many optimization problems such as list homomorphism problems, retraction and precolouring extension problems, chromatic partition optimization, and applied problems in repair analysis. Our interest is in proving a dichotomy for minimum cost homomorphism problem: we would like to prove that for each digraph H, MinHOM(H) is polynomial-time solvable, or NP-hard. We say that H is a digraph with some loops, if H has at least one loop. For reflexive digraphs H (every vertex has a loop) the complexity of MinHOM(H) is well understood. In this paper, we obtain a full dichotomy for MinHOM(H) when H is an oriented cycle with some loops. Furthermore, we show that this dichotomy is a remarkable progress toward a dichotomy for oriented graphs with some loops.

AB - For digraphs D and H, a homomorphism of D to H is a mapping f V (D)→V (H) such that uv ∈ A(D) implies f(u)f(v) 2 A(H). Suppose D and H are two digraphs, and ci(u), u ∈ V (D), i 2 V (H), are nonnegative real costs. The cost of the homomorphism f of D to H is Σ u∈V (D) cf(u)(u). The minimum cost homomorphism for a fixed digraph H, denoted by MinHOM(H), asks whether or not an input digraph D, with nonnegative real costs ci(u), u 2 V (D), i 2 V (H), admits a homomorphism f to H and if it admits one, find a homomorphism of minimum cost. The minimum cost homomorphism problem seems to offer a natural and practical way to model many optimization problems such as list homomorphism problems, retraction and precolouring extension problems, chromatic partition optimization, and applied problems in repair analysis. Our interest is in proving a dichotomy for minimum cost homomorphism problem: we would like to prove that for each digraph H, MinHOM(H) is polynomial-time solvable, or NP-hard. We say that H is a digraph with some loops, if H has at least one loop. For reflexive digraphs H (every vertex has a loop) the complexity of MinHOM(H) is well understood. In this paper, we obtain a full dichotomy for MinHOM(H) when H is an oriented cycle with some loops. Furthermore, we show that this dichotomy is a remarkable progress toward a dichotomy for oriented graphs with some loops.

KW - Dichotomy

KW - Homomorphism

KW - Minimum cost homomorphism

KW - NP-hardness

KW - Oriented cycles

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84864003571&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Conference paper

AN - SCOPUS:84864003571

SN - 9781920682750

T3 - Conferences in Research and Practice in Information Technology Series

BT - Theory of Computing 2009 - Proceedings of the Fifteenth Computing

T2 - Theory of Computing 2009 - 15th Computing: The Australasian Theory Symposium, CATS 2009

Y2 - 20 January 2009 through 23 January 2009

ER -