King's College London

Research portal

Minimum Reporting Standards for in vivo Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy (MRSinMRS): Experts' consensus recommendations

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Experts' Working Group on Reporting Standards for MR Spectroscopy

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)e4484
JournalNMR in Biomedicine
Issue number5
Early online date9 Feb 2021
E-pub ahead of print9 Feb 2021
Published1 May 2021

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright: © 2021 The Authors. NMR in Biomedicine published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd. Copyright: This record is sourced from MEDLINE/PubMed, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

King's Authors

  • Experts' Working Group on Reporting Standards for MR Spectroscopy


The translation of MRS to clinical practice has been impeded by the lack of technical standardization. There are multiple methods of acquisition, post-processing, and analysis whose details greatly impact the interpretation of the results. These details are often not fully reported, making it difficult to assess MRS studies on a standardized basis. This hampers the reviewing of manuscripts, limits the reproducibility of study results, and complicates meta-analysis of the literature. In this paper a consensus group of MRS experts provides minimum guidelines for the reporting of MRS methods and results, including the standardized description of MRS hardware, data acquisition, analysis, and quality assessment. This consensus statement describes each of these requirements in detail and includes a checklist to assist authors and journal reviewers and to provide a practical way for journal editors to ensure that MRS studies are reported in full.

View graph of relations

© 2020 King's College London | Strand | London WC2R 2LS | England | United Kingdom | Tel +44 (0)20 7836 5454