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Minority Stressors, Rumination and Psychological Distress in Lesbian, Gay and Bisexual Individuals

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Minority Stressors, Rumination and Psychological Distress in Lesbian, Gay and Bisexual Individuals. / Timmins, Liadh; Rimes, Katharine Amber; Rahman, Qazi.

In: Archives of Sexual Behavior, Vol. 49, No. 2, 02.2020, p. 661–680.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Harvard

Timmins, L, Rimes, KA & Rahman, Q 2020, 'Minority Stressors, Rumination and Psychological Distress in Lesbian, Gay and Bisexual Individuals', Archives of Sexual Behavior, vol. 49, no. 2, pp. 661–680. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10508-019-01502-2, https://doi.org/Ana

APA

Timmins, L., Rimes, K. A., & Rahman, Q. (2020). Minority Stressors, Rumination and Psychological Distress in Lesbian, Gay and Bisexual Individuals. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 49(2), 661–680. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10508-019-01502-2, https://doi.org/Ana

Vancouver

Timmins L, Rimes KA, Rahman Q. Minority Stressors, Rumination and Psychological Distress in Lesbian, Gay and Bisexual Individuals. Archives of Sexual Behavior. 2020 Feb;49(2):661–680. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10508-019-01502-2, https://doi.org/Ana

Author

Timmins, Liadh ; Rimes, Katharine Amber ; Rahman, Qazi. / Minority Stressors, Rumination and Psychological Distress in Lesbian, Gay and Bisexual Individuals. In: Archives of Sexual Behavior. 2020 ; Vol. 49, No. 2. pp. 661–680.

Bibtex Download

@article{ff6fd0b193384506996085c0092db1ab,
title = "Minority Stressors, Rumination and Psychological Distress in Lesbian, Gay and Bisexual Individuals",
abstract = "This study tested the mechanisms by which social stigma contributes to psychological distress in lesbian, gay, and bisexual individuals. A large community sample (N = 4248, M age = 29.9 years, 42.9% female, 57.1% male, 35.7% bisexual, 64.3% lesbian/gay, 9.9% non-white) was recruited using targeted and general advertisements for an online cross-sectional survey. Participants completed measures of childhood gender nonconformity, prejudice events, victimization, microaggressions, sexual orientation concealment, sexual orientation disclosure, expectations of rejection, self-stigma, rumination, and distress. Structural equation modeling was used to test the relationships between these variables in a model based upon minority stress theory and the integrative mediation framework with childhood gender nonconformity as the initial independent variable and distress (depression, anxiety, and well-being) as the final dependent variable. The results broadly support the hypothesized model. The final model had good fit χ 2(37) = 440.99, p <.001, TLI =.96, CFI =.98, RMSEA =.05 [.05,.06] and explained 50.2% of the variance in psychological distress and 24.8% in rumination. Sexual orientation and gender had moderating effects on some individual paths. Results should be considered in the context of the cross-sectional nature of the data, which prevented tests of causality, and self-report measures used, which are vulnerable to bias. Findings indicate strong relationships between minority stressors and psychological distress in lesbian, gay, and bisexual individuals, which are partially accounted for by rumination. These results may inform the development of interventions that address the added burden of minority stress among lesbian, gay, and bisexual individuals. ",
keywords = "Gender nonconformity, Minority stress, Prejudice, Rumination, Sexual orientation",
author = "Liadh Timmins and Rimes, {Katharine Amber} and Qazi Rahman",
year = "2020",
month = feb,
doi = "10.1007/s10508-019-01502-2",
language = "English",
volume = "49",
pages = "661–680",
journal = "Archives of Sexual Behavior",
issn = "0004-0002",
publisher = "Springer New York",
number = "2",

}

RIS (suitable for import to EndNote) Download

TY - JOUR

T1 - Minority Stressors, Rumination and Psychological Distress in Lesbian, Gay and Bisexual Individuals

AU - Timmins, Liadh

AU - Rimes, Katharine Amber

AU - Rahman, Qazi

PY - 2020/2

Y1 - 2020/2

N2 - This study tested the mechanisms by which social stigma contributes to psychological distress in lesbian, gay, and bisexual individuals. A large community sample (N = 4248, M age = 29.9 years, 42.9% female, 57.1% male, 35.7% bisexual, 64.3% lesbian/gay, 9.9% non-white) was recruited using targeted and general advertisements for an online cross-sectional survey. Participants completed measures of childhood gender nonconformity, prejudice events, victimization, microaggressions, sexual orientation concealment, sexual orientation disclosure, expectations of rejection, self-stigma, rumination, and distress. Structural equation modeling was used to test the relationships between these variables in a model based upon minority stress theory and the integrative mediation framework with childhood gender nonconformity as the initial independent variable and distress (depression, anxiety, and well-being) as the final dependent variable. The results broadly support the hypothesized model. The final model had good fit χ 2(37) = 440.99, p <.001, TLI =.96, CFI =.98, RMSEA =.05 [.05,.06] and explained 50.2% of the variance in psychological distress and 24.8% in rumination. Sexual orientation and gender had moderating effects on some individual paths. Results should be considered in the context of the cross-sectional nature of the data, which prevented tests of causality, and self-report measures used, which are vulnerable to bias. Findings indicate strong relationships between minority stressors and psychological distress in lesbian, gay, and bisexual individuals, which are partially accounted for by rumination. These results may inform the development of interventions that address the added burden of minority stress among lesbian, gay, and bisexual individuals.

AB - This study tested the mechanisms by which social stigma contributes to psychological distress in lesbian, gay, and bisexual individuals. A large community sample (N = 4248, M age = 29.9 years, 42.9% female, 57.1% male, 35.7% bisexual, 64.3% lesbian/gay, 9.9% non-white) was recruited using targeted and general advertisements for an online cross-sectional survey. Participants completed measures of childhood gender nonconformity, prejudice events, victimization, microaggressions, sexual orientation concealment, sexual orientation disclosure, expectations of rejection, self-stigma, rumination, and distress. Structural equation modeling was used to test the relationships between these variables in a model based upon minority stress theory and the integrative mediation framework with childhood gender nonconformity as the initial independent variable and distress (depression, anxiety, and well-being) as the final dependent variable. The results broadly support the hypothesized model. The final model had good fit χ 2(37) = 440.99, p <.001, TLI =.96, CFI =.98, RMSEA =.05 [.05,.06] and explained 50.2% of the variance in psychological distress and 24.8% in rumination. Sexual orientation and gender had moderating effects on some individual paths. Results should be considered in the context of the cross-sectional nature of the data, which prevented tests of causality, and self-report measures used, which are vulnerable to bias. Findings indicate strong relationships between minority stressors and psychological distress in lesbian, gay, and bisexual individuals, which are partially accounted for by rumination. These results may inform the development of interventions that address the added burden of minority stress among lesbian, gay, and bisexual individuals.

KW - Gender nonconformity

KW - Minority stress

KW - Prejudice

KW - Rumination

KW - Sexual orientation

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85069690631&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1007/s10508-019-01502-2

DO - 10.1007/s10508-019-01502-2

M3 - Article

VL - 49

SP - 661

EP - 680

JO - Archives of Sexual Behavior

JF - Archives of Sexual Behavior

SN - 0004-0002

IS - 2

ER -

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