Mitigating anthropogenic and synanthropic noise in atom interferometer searches for ultralight dark matter

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Abstract

Atom interferometers offer promising new avenues for detecting ultralight dark matter (ULDM). The exceptional sensitivity of atom interferometers to fluctuations in the local gravitational potential exposes them to sources of noise from human (anthropogenic) and animal (synanthropic) activity, which may obscure signals from ULDM. We characterize potential anthropogenic and synanthropic noise sources and examine their influence on a year-long measurement campaign by AION-10, an upcoming atom interferometer experiment that will be located at the University of Oxford. We propose a data cleaning framework that identifies and then masks anthropogenic and synanthropic noise. With this framework, we demonstrate that even in noisy conditions, the sensitivity to ULDM can be restored to within between 10% and 40% of an atom shot noise-limited experiment, depending on the specific composition of the anthropogenic and synanthropic noise. This work provides an important step towards creating robust noise reduction analysis strategies in the pursuit of ULDM detection with atom interferometers.
Original languageEnglish
Article number123004
JournalPhysical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology
Volume108
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 4 Dec 2023

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