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Mode Engineering in Large Arrays of Coupled Plasmonic–Dielectric Nanoantennas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Original languageEnglish
Article number2001467
Pages (from-to)2001467(1-9)
Number of pages9
JournalAdvanced Optical Materials
Issue number11
Published4 Jun 2021

King's Authors


Strong electromagnetic field confinement and enhancement can be readily achieved in plasmonic nanoantennas, however, this is considerably more difficult to realize over large areas, which is essential for many applications. Here, dispersion engineering in plasmonic metamaterials is applied to successfully develop and demonstrate a coupled array of plasmonic–dielectric nanoantennas offering an ultrahigh density of electromagnetic hot spots (1011 cm−2) over macroscopic, centimeter scale areas. The hetero‐metamaterial is formed by a highly ordered array of vertically standing plasmonic dipolar antennas with a ZnO gap and fabricated using a scalable electrodeposition technique. It supports a complex modal structure, including guided, surface and gap modes, which offers rich opportunities, frequently beyond the local effective medium theory, with optical properties that can be easily controlled and defined at the fabrication stage. This metamaterial platform can be used in a wide variety of applications, including hot‐electron generation, nanoscale light sources, sensors, as well as nonlinear and memristive devices.

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