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Moderne Diagnostik für Aortendissektion Typ B

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

T. Donati, J. Wilson, T. Kölbel, Rachel Clough

Translated title of the contributionModern diagnostics for type B aortic dissection
Original languageGerman
Pages (from-to)420-427
Number of pages8
JournalGefasschirurgie
Volume20
Issue number6
DOIs
Published1 Oct 2015

King's Authors

Abstract

Background: Undifferentiated chest pain is one of the most common complaints in the acute care setting. Type B aortic dissection is an important cause of chest pain and a complex clinical entity, which carries significant morbidity and mortality and requires accurate clinical and radiological evaluation. Methods: Imaging technologies have become an irreplaceable tool to establish the diagnosis of aortic dissection and to plan treatment strategies. Computed tomography is an important component in this process, replacing catheter-based angiography as the most commonly used preoperative and postoperative imaging modality for the thoracic aorta. The use of functional imaging methods, such as magnetic resonance imaging and echocardiography is evolving. These methods are able to provide the clinically relevant anatomical, hemodynamic and biomechanical information that is necessary for accurate diagnosis, risk stratification and patient selection for treatment. Conclusion: Advanced image acquisition equipment and expertise are increasingly available in a growing number of institutions and as a consequence, existing strategies for the management of type B dissection are rapidly evolving.

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