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Molecular plasmonics with metamaterials

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)15031-15081
Number of pages51
JournalChemical Reviews
Issue number19
Accepted/In press1 Sep 2022
Published4 Oct 2022

Bibliographical note

Funding Information: This work was supported by EPSRC UK (projects EP/M013812/1 and EP/W017075/1), ERC iCOMM project (789340), the National Natural Science Foundation of China (62075195, 12004333, and 92150302), and Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (226-2022-00147). Publisher Copyright: © 2022 The Authors. Published by American Chemical Society.


  • Molecular Plasmonics with Metamaterials

    9_Molecular_Plasmonics_with_Metamaterials_acs.chemrev.2c00333.pdf, 34.5 MB, application/pdf

    Uploaded date:06 Oct 2022

    Version:Final published version

    Licence:CC BY

King's Authors


Molecular plasmonics, the area which deals with the interactions between surface plasmons and molecules, has received enormous interest in fundamental research and found numerous technological applications. Plasmonic metamaterials, which offer rich opportunities to control the light intensity, field polarization, and local density of electromagnetic states on subwavelength scales, provide a versatile platform to enhance and tune light-molecule interactions. A variety of applications, including spontaneous emission enhancement, optical modulation, optical sensing, and photoactuated nanochemistry, have been reported by exploiting molecular interactions with plasmonic metamaterials. In this paper, we provide a comprehensive overview of the developments of molecular plasmonics with metamaterials. After a brief introduction to the optical properties of plasmonic metamaterials and relevant fabrication approaches, we discuss light-molecule interactions in plasmonic metamaterials in both weak and strong coupling regimes. We then highlight the exploitation of molecules in metamaterials for applications ranging from emission control and optical modulation to optical sensing. The role of hot carriers generated in metamaterials for nanochemistry is also discussed. Perspectives on the future development of molecular plasmonics with metamaterials conclude the review. The use of molecules in combination with designer metamaterials provides a rich playground both to actively control metamaterials using molecular interactions and, in turn, to use metamaterials to control molecular processes.

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