Multi-task learning framework to predict the status of central venous catheter based on radiographs

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Abstract

Hospital patients can have catheters and lines inserted during the course of their admission to give medicines for the treatment of medical issues, especially the central venous catheter (CVC). However, malposition of CVC will lead to many complications, even death. Clinicians always detect the status of the catheter to avoid the above issues via X-ray images. To reduce the workload of clinicians and improve the efficiency of CVC status detection, a multi-task learning framework for catheter status classification based on the convolutional neural network (CNN) is proposed. The proposed framework contains three significant components which are modified HRNet, multi-task supervision including segmentation supervision and heatmap regression supervision as well as classification branch. The modified HRNet maintaining high-resolution features from the start to the end can ensure to generation of high-quality assisted information for classification. The multi-task supervision can assist in alleviating the presence of other line-like structures such as other tubes and anatomical structures shown in the X-ray image. Furthermore, during the inference, this module is also considered as an interpretation interface to show where the framework pays attention to. Eventually, the classification branch is proposed to predict the class of the status of the catheter. A public CVC dataset is utilized to evaluate the performance of the proposed method, which gains 0.823 AUC (Area under the ROC curve) and 82.6% accuracy in the test dataset. Compared with two state-of-the-art methods (ATCM method and EDMC method), the proposed method can perform best.
Original languageEnglish
Article number102721
JournalArtificial Intelligence in Medicine
Volume146
Early online date17 Nov 2023
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2023

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