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Multiple Apical Radiolucencies and External Cervical Resorption Associated with Varicella Zoster Virus: A Case Report

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Kreena Patel, Elia Schirru, Sadia Niazi, Philip Mitchell, Francesco Mannocci

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)978–983
JournalJOURNAL OF ENDODONTICS
Volume42
Issue number6
Early online date28 Apr 2016
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2016

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Abstract

Varicella zoster virus (VZV) is responsible for the primary infection chickenpox. After the initial infection, it remains latent but can reactivate, resulting in shingles (herpes zoster). Previous reports have implicated VZV in the pathogenesis of apical periodontitis, but the involvement of the virus has not been investigated fully. The present case describes a patient who suffered from a severe episode of shingles and subsequently developed periapical radiolucencies of all the teeth in the affected nerve distribution. Molecular and culture techniques showed the presence of VZV DNA in the root canal system in the absence of bacteria. This confirms that VZV can cause localized pulp necrosis and apical periodontitis. The lesions healed after endodontic treatment, implying chemomechanical debridement using sodium hypochlorite irrigation and a calcium hydroxide interim dressing may be effective against the virus.

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