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Networks of Adversity in Childhood and Adolescence and their Relationship to Adult Mental Health

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Networks of Adversity in Childhood and Adolescence and their Relationship to Adult Mental Health. / Pollmann, Ayla; Fritz, Jessica ; Barker, Edward et al.

In: Research on Child and Adolescent Psychopathology, 05.09.2022, p. 2-38.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Harvard

Pollmann, A, Fritz, J, Barker, E & Fuhrmann, D 2022, 'Networks of Adversity in Childhood and Adolescence and their Relationship to Adult Mental Health', Research on Child and Adolescent Psychopathology, pp. 2-38. <https://psyarxiv.com/e5xmn>

APA

Pollmann, A., Fritz, J., Barker, E., & Fuhrmann, D. (Accepted/In press). Networks of Adversity in Childhood and Adolescence and their Relationship to Adult Mental Health. Research on Child and Adolescent Psychopathology, 2-38. https://psyarxiv.com/e5xmn

Vancouver

Pollmann A, Fritz J, Barker E, Fuhrmann D. Networks of Adversity in Childhood and Adolescence and their Relationship to Adult Mental Health. Research on Child and Adolescent Psychopathology. 2022 Sep 5;2-38.

Author

Pollmann, Ayla ; Fritz, Jessica ; Barker, Edward et al. / Networks of Adversity in Childhood and Adolescence and their Relationship to Adult Mental Health. In: Research on Child and Adolescent Psychopathology. 2022 ; pp. 2-38.

Bibtex Download

@article{ba589eef7cc745cebfdaec5772b91925,
title = "Networks of Adversity in Childhood and Adolescence and their Relationship to Adult Mental Health",
abstract = "Adverse events before the age of eighteen are common and include diverse experiences ranging from sexual abuse to parental divorce. These stressful events have been linked to physical and mental health issues. Previous research has focused mainly on childhood adversity, such as experiences in the family environment. Little consideration has been given to adversities that may be particularly harmful in adolescence. To understand adolescents' adverse experiences, this project used data from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC, total N = 14,901, N ≈ 1,200-10,000 per measure). We modelled interrelations of adversities in childhood (1-11 years) and adolescence (11-23 years) and examined adversity clusters using network analysis. We found two similar clusters in the childhood and adolescence networks: (1) direct abuse and (2) adverse family factors. We identified a third cluster of (3) educational and social adversities for adolescence. For both age groups, emotional abuse in the family environment was closely linked to mental health in early adulthood and most adversities were linked with depression in early adulthood. In adolescence, housing and academic issues and abuse by a romantic partner were particularly central to the network of adversities. Thus, we found commonalities and differences in the relevance of adverse experiences at different developmental stages. These findings highlight the need to develop age-dependent frameworks for adversity research and policymaking.",
keywords = "Development, Network analysis, Longitudinal cohort study, Child Abuse, Psychological abuse, ALSPAC",
author = "Ayla Pollmann and Jessica Fritz and Edward Barker and Delia Fuhrmann",
year = "2022",
month = sep,
day = "5",
language = "English",
pages = "2--38",
journal = "Research on Child and Adolescent Psychopathology",
issn = "2730-7166",
publisher = "Springer New York",

}

RIS (suitable for import to EndNote) Download

TY - JOUR

T1 - Networks of Adversity in Childhood and Adolescence and their Relationship to Adult Mental Health

AU - Pollmann, Ayla

AU - Fritz, Jessica

AU - Barker, Edward

AU - Fuhrmann, Delia

PY - 2022/9/5

Y1 - 2022/9/5

N2 - Adverse events before the age of eighteen are common and include diverse experiences ranging from sexual abuse to parental divorce. These stressful events have been linked to physical and mental health issues. Previous research has focused mainly on childhood adversity, such as experiences in the family environment. Little consideration has been given to adversities that may be particularly harmful in adolescence. To understand adolescents' adverse experiences, this project used data from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC, total N = 14,901, N ≈ 1,200-10,000 per measure). We modelled interrelations of adversities in childhood (1-11 years) and adolescence (11-23 years) and examined adversity clusters using network analysis. We found two similar clusters in the childhood and adolescence networks: (1) direct abuse and (2) adverse family factors. We identified a third cluster of (3) educational and social adversities for adolescence. For both age groups, emotional abuse in the family environment was closely linked to mental health in early adulthood and most adversities were linked with depression in early adulthood. In adolescence, housing and academic issues and abuse by a romantic partner were particularly central to the network of adversities. Thus, we found commonalities and differences in the relevance of adverse experiences at different developmental stages. These findings highlight the need to develop age-dependent frameworks for adversity research and policymaking.

AB - Adverse events before the age of eighteen are common and include diverse experiences ranging from sexual abuse to parental divorce. These stressful events have been linked to physical and mental health issues. Previous research has focused mainly on childhood adversity, such as experiences in the family environment. Little consideration has been given to adversities that may be particularly harmful in adolescence. To understand adolescents' adverse experiences, this project used data from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC, total N = 14,901, N ≈ 1,200-10,000 per measure). We modelled interrelations of adversities in childhood (1-11 years) and adolescence (11-23 years) and examined adversity clusters using network analysis. We found two similar clusters in the childhood and adolescence networks: (1) direct abuse and (2) adverse family factors. We identified a third cluster of (3) educational and social adversities for adolescence. For both age groups, emotional abuse in the family environment was closely linked to mental health in early adulthood and most adversities were linked with depression in early adulthood. In adolescence, housing and academic issues and abuse by a romantic partner were particularly central to the network of adversities. Thus, we found commonalities and differences in the relevance of adverse experiences at different developmental stages. These findings highlight the need to develop age-dependent frameworks for adversity research and policymaking.

KW - Development

KW - Network analysis

KW - Longitudinal cohort study

KW - Child Abuse

KW - Psychological abuse

KW - ALSPAC

M3 - Article

SP - 2

EP - 38

JO - Research on Child and Adolescent Psychopathology

JF - Research on Child and Adolescent Psychopathology

SN - 2730-7166

ER -

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