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Neuroendocrine peptide mechanisms controlling intestinal epithelial function: Gastrointestinal • Endocrine and metabolic diseases

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)50-56
Number of pages7
JournalCurrent Opinion in Pharmacology
Volume31
Early online date3 Sep 2016
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2016

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King's Authors

Abstract

Enteroendocrine cells (EECs) contain different combinations of hormones, which are released following stimulation of nutrient receptors that are selectively expressed by these cells. This chemosensation varies according to the intestinal area and species of interest, and responses to meals are rapidly modified following bariatric surgery. Such surgically-induced gastrointestinal (GI) changes highlight considerable enteroplasticity, however our understanding of even the acute physiological control and consequences of neuroendocrine peptide release is still under-developed. This review focuses on recent advances in nutrient G protein-coupled receptor (GPCR)-chemosensation in L cells, the patterns of peptide release and consequent changes in GI function. A clearer resolution of these mucosal mechanisms will shed light on potential receptor-target combinations that could provide less-invasive anti-diabesity strategies in future.

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