Nitric oxide biosensor uncovers diminished ferrous iron-dependency of cultured cells adapted to physiological oxygen levels

Gulsah Sevimli, Matthew J. Smith, Tuba Akgul Caglar, Şükriye Bilir, Melike Secilmis, Hamza Y. Altun, Esra N. Yigit, Fan Yang, Thomas P. Keeley, Roland Malli, Gürkan Öztürk, Giovanni E. Mann, Emrah Eroglu*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Iron is an essential metal for cellular metabolism and signaling, but it has adverse effects in excess. The physiological consequences of iron deficiency are well established, yet the relationship between iron supplementation and pericellular oxygen levels in cultured cells and their downstream effects on metalloproteins has been less explored. This study exploits the metalloprotein geNOps in cultured HEK293T epithelial and EA.hy926 endothelial cells to test the iron-dependency in cells adapted to standard room air (18 kPa O2) or physiological normoxia (5 kPa O2). We show that cells in culture require iron supplementation to activate the metalloprotein geNOps and demonstrate for the first time that cells adapted to physiological normoxia require significantly lower iron compared to cells adapted to hyperoxia. This study establishes an essential role for recapitulating oxygen levels in vivo and uncovers a previously unrecognized requirement for ferrous iron supplementation under standard cell culture conditions to achieve geNOps functionality.

Original languageEnglish
Article number102319
JournalRedox Biology
Volume53
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2022

Keywords

  • Cell culture
  • Culture media
  • Ferric iron
  • Ferrous iron
  • geNOps
  • Hydrogen peroxide
  • Hyperoxia
  • NO bioavailability
  • Normoxia
  • Pericellular oxygen

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