Non-proliferation and counter-proliferation

Benjamin Kienzle*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

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European approaches to the proliferation of nuclear, biological, and chemical weapons-the so-called weapons of mass destruction (WMD)-have undergone a profound transformation during the last few decades. This chapter will trace the varying European policy responses to WMD proliferation over time and examine how European security doctrines have evolved more recently in this area. It will focus on processes of doctrinal convergence and divergence both in the three major powers in Europe-France, Germany, and the United Kingdom-and in other European states with a significant non-proliferation policy of their own, especially Austria, Ireland, and Sweden. In this context, it will also take into consideration the influence of relevant international organizations such as the North Atlantic Treaty Organization and the European Union.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationThe Handbook of European Defence Policies and Armed Forces
EditorsHugo Meijer, Marco Wyss
PublisherOxford University Press
Number of pages16
ISBN (Print)9780198790501
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2018


  • Biological weapons
  • Chemical weapons
  • France
  • Germany
  • Non-proliferation
  • Nuclear weapons
  • Proliferation
  • Strategy
  • United Kingdom
  • Weapons of mass destruction


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