Nonclassical states of light after high-harmonic generation in semiconductors: A Bloch-based perspective

Javier Rivera-Dean*, Philipp Stammer, Andrew S Maxwell, Theocharis Lamprou, Andrés F. Ordóñez, Emilio Pisanty, Paraskevas Tzallas, Maciej Lewenstein, Marcelo Fabián Ciappina

*Corresponding author for this work

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High-harmonic generation (HHG) has emerged as a pivotal process in strong-field physics, yielding extreme ultraviolet radiation and attosecond pulses for a wide range of applications. Furthermore, its emergent connection with the field of quantum optics has revealed its potential for generating nonclassical states of light. Here, we investigate the process of high-harmonic generation in semiconductors under a quantum optical perspective while using a Bloch-based solid-state description. Through the implementation of quantum operations based on the measurement of high-order harmonics, we demonstrate the generation of nonclassical light states similar to those found when driving atomic systems. These states are characterized using diverse quantum optical observables and quantum information measures, showing the influence of electron dynamics on their properties. Additionally, we analyze the dependence of their features on solid characteristics such as the dephasing time and crystal orientation, while also assessing their sensitivity to changes in driving field strength. This paper provides insights into HHG in semiconductors and its potential for generating nonclassical light sources.
Original languageEnglish
Article number035203
JournalPhysical Review B
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 25 Sept 2023


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