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Noninvasive assessment of congestive hepatopathy in patients with constrictive pericardial physiology using MR relaxometry

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Jan Bogaert, Tom Dresselaers, Massimo Imazio, Peter Sinnaeve, Luigi Tassetti, Pier Giorgio Masci, Rolf Symons

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)265-273
Number of pages9
JournalInternational Journal of Cardiology
Published1 Sep 2021

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright: © 2021 Elsevier B.V.

King's Authors


Background: Constrictive pericarditis represents a treatable cause of mainly right heart failure (RHF), characterized by increased filling pressures and congestive hepatopathy. We hypothesized assessment of T1 and T2 liver relaxation times enables to depict liver congestion, and thus to diagnose RHF. Methods: Cardiovascular magnetic resonance imaging (CMR) was performed in 45 pericarditis patients i.e., 25 with constrictive physiology (CP+), 20 with normal physiology (CP-), and 30 control subjects. CMR included morphologic and functional assessment of the heart and pericardium. Liver relaxation times were measured on T1 and T2 cardiac maps. Results: CP+ and CP- patients were predominantly male, but CP+ patients were on average 13 years older than CP- patients (p = 0.003). T1 and T2 Liver values were significantly higher in CP+ than in CP- patients and controls, i.e. T1: 765 ± 102 ms vs 581 ± 56 ms and 537 ± 30 ms (both p < 0.001); T2: 63 ± 13 ms vs 50 ± 4 ms and 46 ± 4 ms (both p < 0.001). Extracellular volume (ECV) liver values were also increased, i.e. 42 ± 7% CP+ vs 31 ± 3% CP- and 30 ± 3% control (both p < 0.001). Using a cut-off right atrial pressure of >5 mmHg to discriminate between normal and increased pressure, native T1 liver yielded the highest AUC (0.926) at ROC analysis with a sensitivity of 79.3% and specificity of 95.6%. Gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase correlated well withT1 liver (r2 = 0.43) and ECV liver (r2 = 0.30). Excellent intra- and inter-reader agreement was found for T1, T2 and ECV measurement of the liver. Conclusions: Assessment of liver relaxation times in pericarditis patients provide valuable information on the presence of concomitant congestive hepatopathy, reflecting RHF.

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