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Non-invasive electrophysiological assessment of the optimal configuration of quadripolar lead vectors on ventricular activation times

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)714-719
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Electrocardiology
Issue number4
Early online date16 May 2018
E-pub ahead of print16 May 2018
Published1 Jul 2018


King's Authors


Cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) is now generally delivered via quadripolar leads. Assessment of the effect of different vector programs from quadripolar leads on ventricular activation can be now done using non-invasive electrocardiographic mapping (ECM).

Material and methods
In nineteen patients with quadripolar LV leads, activation maps were constructed. The total ventricular activation time (TVaT) and the time for the bulk of ventricular activation (VaT10–90) were calculated.

CRT delivered via a quadripolar lead significantly reduced TVaT and VaT10–90 by a mean of 16 ms and 31 ms, respectively, compared to baseline. There was a marked reduction in ventricular activation between the most and least synchronous vectors: 28% difference in baseline TVaT and 37% difference in VaT10–90.

Changes in the configuration of an LV quadripolar lead significantly affected ventricular activation timings in both ischaemic and non-ischaemic subjects. This suggests that programming of the optimal pacing vector may need to be individually tailored.

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