Noninvasive Imaging of Activated Complement in Ischemia-Reperfusion Injury Post–Cardiac Transplant

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Ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI) is inevitable in solid organ transplantation, due to the transplanted organ being ischemic for prolonged periods prior to transplantation followed by reperfusion. The complement molecule C3 is present in the circulation and is also synthesized by tissue parenchyma in early response to IRI and the final stable fragment of activated C3, C3d, can be detected on injured tissue for several days post-IRI. Complement activation post-IRI was monitored noninvasively by single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) and CT using 99m Tc-recombinant complement receptor 2 (99m Tc-rCR2) in murine models of cardiac transplantation following the induction of IRI and compared to 99m Tc-rCR2 in C3-/- mice or with the irrelevant protein 99m Tc-prostate-specific membrane antigen antibody fragment (PSMA). Significant uptake with 99m Tc-rCR2 was observed as compared to C3-/- or 99m Tc-PSMA. In addition, the transplanted heart to muscle ratio of 99m Tc-rCR2 was significantly higher than 99m Tc-PSMA or C3-/- . The results were confirmed by histology and autoradiography. 99m Tc-rCR2 can be used for noninvasive detection of activated complement and in future may be used to quantify the severity of transplant damage due to complement activation postreperfusion.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages8
JournalAmerican Journal of Transplantation
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 2015


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