Nonlinear Valuation with XVAs: Two Converging Approaches

Damiano Brigo*, Cristin Buescu, Marco Francischello, Andrea Pallavicini, Marek Rutkowski

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)
59 Downloads (Pure)


When pricing OTC contracts in the presence of additional risk factors and costs, such as credit risk and funding and collateral costs, the starting “clean price” is modified additively by valuation adjustments (XVAs) that account for each factor or cost in isolation, while seemingly ignoring the combined effects. Instead, risk factors and costs can be jointly accounted for ab initio in the pricing mechanism at the level of cash flows, and this “adjusted cash flow" approach leads to a nonlinear valuation formula. While for practitioners this made more sense because it showed which discount factor is used for which cash flow (recall the multi-curve environment post-crisis), for academics, the focus was on checking that the resulting nonlinear valuation formula is consistent with the theoretical arbitrage-free “replication approach” that we also analyse in the paper. We formulate specific reasonable assumptions, which ensure that the valuation formulae obtained by the two approaches coincide, thus reinforcing both academics’ and practitioners’ confidence in adopting such nonlinear valuation formulae in a multi-curve setup.
Original languageEnglish
Article number791
Number of pages31
Issue number5
Early online date2 Mar 2022
Publication statusPublished - 2 Mar 2022


  • risk-neutral valuation
  • replication
  • funding costs
  • default
  • collateral


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