Nonlinearity-generated resilience in large complex systems

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Abstract

We consider a generic nonlinear extension of May's 1972 model by including all higher-order terms in the expansion around the chosen fixed point (placed at the origin) with random Gaussian coefficients. The ensuing analysis reveals that as long as the origin remains stable, it is surrounded by a “resilience gap”: there are no other fixed points within a radius r∗>0 and the system is therefore expected to be resilient to a typical initial displacement small in comparison to r∗. The radius r∗ is shown to vanish at the same threshold where the origin loses local stability, revealing a mechanism by which systems close to the tipping point become less resilient. We also find that beyond the resilience radius the number of fixed points in a ball surrounding the original point of equilibrium grows exponentially with N, making systems dynamics highly sensitive to far enough displacements from the origin.
Original languageEnglish
Article number022201
Number of pages16
JournalPhysical Review E - Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics
Volume103
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2021

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