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Nonpharmacological treatment options for alzheimer’s disease: From animal testing to clinical studies

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Hasan Türkez, Mehmet Enes Arslan, Antonio Di Stefano, Ivana Cacciatore, Adil Mardinoğlu

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)81-89
Number of pages9
JournalTurkish Journal of Zoology
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2020

King's Authors


Despite extensive pharmacological approaches, there is no curative therapy for Alzheimer’s disease (AD) or other types of dementias. While current pharmacological options alleviate some symptoms of AD, they can lead to various adverse effects. Hence, nonpharmacological treatment options for AD are often considered with the assumption that they are safe, effective, and economic in managing patients. Furthermore, studies on animal models have suggested that environmental exposures like diet, music, or reward-related actions can stimulate neuronal regeneration and differentiation without using any pharmacological factors. The aim of this review is to provide a summary of nonpharmacological treatment options for the management of cognitive, emotional, and behavioral symptoms of AD. In addition, this review provides an overview of the challenging and encouraging experiences and recent studies and problems in cognitive training related to animal models. Nonpharmacological studies of AD are discussed in this literature review in terms of animal models, physical activity, brain stimulation, and the role of social communication.

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