Nonsurgical Management of Trigeminal Nerve Injuries

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The most significant complications from dental and oral surgical interventions are iatrogenic trigeminal nerve injuries that can result in permanent altered sensation and pain causing significant functional and psychological disability [1]. These injuries are best prevented, and management is complex and currently often inadequate [1]. Dependent upon the mechanism and duration of trigeminal nerve injury, results on relatively few patients undergoing reparative surgery, this chapter aims to provide an outline of the nonsurgical management of these injuries. The trigeminal nerve is the largest peripheral sensory nerve in the body with representation occupying over half of the sensory cortex. Altered feedback from a sensory nerve can cause permanent changes in the sensory cortex after 3 months [2] and, in addition, results in significant functional and affective problems. Since the face and mouth are rather “important” parts of a human being, challenges and changes to the orofacial area are likely to have a high psychological impact and altered self-perception [3].
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationTrigeminal Nerve Injuries
EditorsMichael Miloro
Place of PublicationHeidelberg
PublisherSpringer Berlin Heidelberg
Number of pages15
ISBN (Print)9783642355387
Publication statusPublished - 2013


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