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Novel tau biomarkers phosphorylated at T181, T217 or T231 rise in the initial stages of the preclinical Alzheimer’s continuum when only subtle changes in Aβ pathology are detected

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

for the ALFA Study

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere12921
JournalEMBO Molecular Medicine
Volume12
Issue number12
DOIs
Published7 Dec 2020

Bibliographical note

Funding Information: This publication is part of the ALzheimer?s and FAmilies (ALFA) study. The authors would like to express their most sincere gratitude to the ALFA project participants and relatives without whom this research would have not been possible. We also thank Tania Mench?n, Carolina Herrero, Noem? Carranza, Charlotte Frick, Linn?a Lagerstedt, Irina Nilsson and Cindy Fran?ois for technical assistance. Collaborators of the ALFA study are Annabella Beteta, Raffaele Cacciaglia, Alba Ca?as, Carme Deulofeu, Irene Cumplido, Ruth Dominguez, Maria Emilio, Carles Falcon, Sherezade Fuentes, Laura Hernandez, Gema Huesa, Jordi Huguet, Paula Marne, Tania Mench?n, Gr?gory Operto, Albina Polo, Sandra Pradas, Anna Soteras, Marc Vilanova and Natalia Vilor-Tejedor. The authors thank Roche Diagnostics International Ltd. for providing the kits to measure CSF biomarkers. ELECSYS, COBAS, and COBAS E are registered trademarks of Roche. Authors also thank GE Healthcare for kindly providing the [18F]flutemetamol doses of ALFA+ study participants. The project leading to these results has received funding from ?la Caixa? Foundation (ID 100010434), under agreement LCF/PR/GN17/50300004 and the Alzheimer?s Association and an international anonymous charity foundation through the TriBEKa Imaging Platform project (TriBEKa-17-519007). Additional support has been received from the Universities and Research Secretariat, Ministry of Business and Knowledge of the Catalan Government under the grant no. 2017-SGR-892. MS-C received funding from the European Union?s Horizon 2020 Research and Innovation Program under the Marie Sklodowska-Curie action grant agreement No 752310 and currently receives funding from Instituto de Salud Carlos III (PI19/00155) and from the Spanish Ministry of Science, Innovation and Universities (Juan de la Cierva Programme grant IJC2018-037478-I). TTK holds a Brightfocus postdoctoral fellowship (#A2020812F) and was further supported by the Swedish Alzheimer Foundation (Alzheimerfonden; #AF-930627), the Swedish Dementia Foundation (Demensf?rbundet), Gamla Tj?narinnor, the Aina (Ann) Wallstr?ms and Mary-Ann Sj?bloms Foundation, the Gun and Bertil Stohnes foundation, and the Anna Lisa and Brother Bj?rnsson?s Foundation. JDG is supported by the Spanish Ministry of Science and Innovation (RYC-2013-13054). OGR is supported by the Spanish Ministry of Science, Innovation and Universities (FJCI-2017-33437). ASV is the recipient of an Instituto de Salud Carlos III Miguel Servet II fellowship (CP II 17/00029). EMAU is supported by the Spanish Ministry of Science, Innovation and Universities?Spanish State Research Agency (RYC2018-026053-I). CM was supported by the Spanish Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness (grant no IEDI-2016-00690). HZ is a Wallenberg Scholar supported by grants from the Swedish Research Council (#2018-02532), the European Research Council (#681712), Swedish State Support for Clinical Research (#ALFGBG-720931), the Alzheimer Drug Discovery Foundation (ADDF), USA (#201809-2016862), and the UK Dementia Research Institute at UCL. KB is supported by the Swedish Research Council (#2017-00915), the Alzheimer Drug Discovery Foundation (ADDF), USA (#RDAPB-201809-2016615), the Swedish Alzheimer Foundation (#AF-742881), Hj?rnfonden, Sweden (#FO2017-0243), the Swedish state under the agreement between the Swedish government and the County Councils, the ALF-agreement (#ALFGBG-715986), and European Union Joint Program for Neurodegenerative Disorders (JPND2019-466-236). Funding Information: This publication is part of the ALzheimer’s and FAmilies (ALFA) study. The authors would like to express their most sincere gratitude to the ALFA project participants and relatives without whom this research would have not been possible. We also thank Tania Menchón, Carolina Herrero, Noemí Carranza, Charlotte Frick, Linnéa Lagerstedt, Irina Nilsson and Cindy François for technical assistance. Collaborators of the ALFA study are Annabella Beteta, Raffaele Cacciaglia, Alba Cañas, Carme Deulofeu, Irene Cumplido, Ruth Dominguez, Maria Emilio, Carles Falcon, Sherezade Fuentes, Laura Hernandez, Gema Huesa, Jordi Huguet, Paula Marne, Tania Menchón, Grégory Operto, Albina Polo, Sandra Pradas, Anna Soteras, Marc Vilanova and Natalia Vilor‐Tejedor. The authors thank Roche Diagnostics International Ltd. for providing the kits to measure CSF biomarkers. ELECSYS, COBAS, and COBAS E are registered trademarks of Roche. Authors also thank GE Healthcare for kindly providing the [18F]flutemetamol doses of ALFA+ study participants. The project leading to these results has received funding from “la Caixa” Foundation (ID 100010434), under agreement LCF/PR/GN17/50300004 and the Alzheimer’s Association and an international anonymous charity foundation through the TriBEKa Imaging Platform project (TriBEKa‐17‐519007). Additional support has been received from the Universities and Research Secretariat, Ministry of Business and Knowledge of the Catalan Government under the grant no. 2017‐SGR‐892. MS‐C received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 Research and Innovation Program under the Marie Sklodowska‐Curie action grant agreement No 752310 and currently receives funding from Instituto de Salud Carlos III (PI19/00155) and from the Spanish Ministry of Science, Innovation and Universities (Juan de la Cierva Programme grant IJC2018‐037478‐I). TTK holds a Brightfocus postdoctoral fellowship (#A2020812F) and was further supported by the Swedish Alzheimer Foundation (Alzheimerfonden; #AF‐930627), the Swedish Dementia Foundation (Demensförbundet), Gamla Tjänarinnor, the Aina (Ann) Wallströms and Mary‐Ann Sjöbloms Foundation, the Gun and Bertil Stohnes foundation, and the Anna Lisa and Brother Björnsson’s Foundation. JDG is supported by the Spanish Ministry of Science and Innovation (RYC‐2013‐13054). OGR is supported by the Spanish Ministry of Science, Innovation and Universities (FJCI‐2017‐33437). ASV is the recipient of an Instituto de Salud Carlos III Miguel Servet II fellowship (CP II 17/00029). EMAU is supported by the Spanish Ministry of Science, Innovation and Universities—Spanish State Research Agency (RYC2018‐026053‐I). CM was supported by the Spanish Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness (grant no IEDI‐2016‐00690). HZ is a Wallenberg Scholar supported by grants from the Swedish Research Council (#2018‐02532), the European Research Council (#681712), Swedish State Support for Clinical Research (#ALFGBG‐720931), the Alzheimer Drug Discovery Foundation (ADDF), USA (#201809‐2016862), and the UK Dementia Research Institute at UCL. KB is supported by the Swedish Research Council (#2017‐00915), the Alzheimer Drug Discovery Foundation (ADDF), USA (#RDAPB‐201809‐2016615), the Swedish Alzheimer Foundation (#AF‐742881), Hjärnfonden, Sweden (#FO2017‐0243), the Swedish state under the agreement between the Swedish government and the County Councils, the ALF‐agreement (#ALFGBG‐715986), and European Union Joint Program for Neurodegenerative Disorders (JPND2019‐466‐236). Publisher Copyright: © 2020 The Authors. Published under the terms of the CC BY 4.0 license Copyright: Copyright 2021 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.

King's Authors

Abstract

In Alzheimer’s disease (AD), tau phosphorylation in the brain and its subsequent release into cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and blood is a dynamic process that changes during disease evolution. The main aim of our study was to characterize the pattern of changes in phosphorylated tau (p-tau) in the preclinical stage of the Alzheimer’s continuum. We measured three novel CSF p-tau biomarkers, phosphorylated at threonine-181 and threonine-217 with an N-terminal partner antibody and at threonine-231 with a mid-region partner antibody. These were compared with an automated mid-region p-tau181 assay (Elecsys) as the gold standard p-tau measure. We demonstrate that these novel p-tau biomarkers increase more prominently in preclinical Alzheimer, when only subtle changes of amyloid-β (Aβ) pathology are detected, and can accurately differentiate Aβ-positive from Aβ-negative cognitively unimpaired individuals. Moreover, we show that the novel plasma N-terminal p-tau181 biomarker is mildly but significantly increased in the preclinical stage. Our results support the idea that early changes in neuronal tau metabolism in preclinical Alzheimer, likely in response to Aβ exposure, can be detected with these novel p-tau assays.

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