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Novice drivers' individual trajectories of driver behavior over the first three years of driving

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Novice drivers' individual trajectories of driver behavior over the first three years of driving. / Roman, Gabriela D.; Poulter, Damian; Barker, Edward; McKenna, Frank P.; Rowe, Richard.

In: Accident Analysis and Prevention, Vol. 82, 11.06.2015, p. 61-69.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Harvard

Roman, GD, Poulter, D, Barker, E, McKenna, FP & Rowe, R 2015, 'Novice drivers' individual trajectories of driver behavior over the first three years of driving', Accident Analysis and Prevention, vol. 82, pp. 61-69. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aap.2015.05.012

APA

Roman, G. D., Poulter, D., Barker, E., McKenna, F. P., & Rowe, R. (2015). Novice drivers' individual trajectories of driver behavior over the first three years of driving. Accident Analysis and Prevention, 82, 61-69. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aap.2015.05.012

Vancouver

Roman GD, Poulter D, Barker E, McKenna FP, Rowe R. Novice drivers' individual trajectories of driver behavior over the first three years of driving. Accident Analysis and Prevention. 2015 Jun 11;82:61-69. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aap.2015.05.012

Author

Roman, Gabriela D. ; Poulter, Damian ; Barker, Edward ; McKenna, Frank P. ; Rowe, Richard. / Novice drivers' individual trajectories of driver behavior over the first three years of driving. In: Accident Analysis and Prevention. 2015 ; Vol. 82. pp. 61-69.

Bibtex Download

@article{8e89fd2215fb4a41afc864f415ee22a9,
title = "Novice drivers' individual trajectories of driver behavior over the first three years of driving",
abstract = "Identifying the changes in driving behavior that underlie the decrease in crash risk over the first few months of driving is key to efforts to reduce injury and fatality risk in novice drivers. This study represented a secondary data analysis of 1148 drivers who participated in the UK Cohort II study. The Driver Behavior Questionnaire was completed at 6 months and 1, 2 and 3 years after licensure. Linear latent growth models indicated significant increases across development in all four dimensions of aberrant driving behavior under scrutiny: aggressive violations, ordinary violations, errors and slips. Unconditional and conditional latent growth class analyses showed that the observed heterogeneity in individual trajectories was explained by the presence of multiple homogeneous groups of drivers, each exhibiting specific trajectories of aberrant driver behavior. Initial levels of aberrant driver behavior were important in identifying sub-groups of drivers. All classes showed positive slopes; there was no evidence of a group of drivers whose aberrant behavior decreased over time that might explain the decrease in crash involvement observed over this period. Male gender and younger age predicted membership of trajectories with higher levels of aberrant behavior. These findings highlight the importance of early intervention for improving road safety. We discuss the implications of our findings for understanding the behavioral underpinnings of the decrease in crash involvement observed in the early months of driving.",
keywords = "Driver Behavior Questionnaire, Latent growth class analysis, Longitudinal measurement invariance, Novice drivers",
author = "Roman, {Gabriela D.} and Damian Poulter and Edward Barker and McKenna, {Frank P.} and Richard Rowe",
year = "2015",
month = jun,
day = "11",
doi = "10.1016/j.aap.2015.05.012",
language = "English",
volume = "82",
pages = "61--69",
journal = "Accident Analysis and Prevention",
issn = "0001-4575",
publisher = "Elsevier Limited",

}

RIS (suitable for import to EndNote) Download

TY - JOUR

T1 - Novice drivers' individual trajectories of driver behavior over the first three years of driving

AU - Roman, Gabriela D.

AU - Poulter, Damian

AU - Barker, Edward

AU - McKenna, Frank P.

AU - Rowe, Richard

PY - 2015/6/11

Y1 - 2015/6/11

N2 - Identifying the changes in driving behavior that underlie the decrease in crash risk over the first few months of driving is key to efforts to reduce injury and fatality risk in novice drivers. This study represented a secondary data analysis of 1148 drivers who participated in the UK Cohort II study. The Driver Behavior Questionnaire was completed at 6 months and 1, 2 and 3 years after licensure. Linear latent growth models indicated significant increases across development in all four dimensions of aberrant driving behavior under scrutiny: aggressive violations, ordinary violations, errors and slips. Unconditional and conditional latent growth class analyses showed that the observed heterogeneity in individual trajectories was explained by the presence of multiple homogeneous groups of drivers, each exhibiting specific trajectories of aberrant driver behavior. Initial levels of aberrant driver behavior were important in identifying sub-groups of drivers. All classes showed positive slopes; there was no evidence of a group of drivers whose aberrant behavior decreased over time that might explain the decrease in crash involvement observed over this period. Male gender and younger age predicted membership of trajectories with higher levels of aberrant behavior. These findings highlight the importance of early intervention for improving road safety. We discuss the implications of our findings for understanding the behavioral underpinnings of the decrease in crash involvement observed in the early months of driving.

AB - Identifying the changes in driving behavior that underlie the decrease in crash risk over the first few months of driving is key to efforts to reduce injury and fatality risk in novice drivers. This study represented a secondary data analysis of 1148 drivers who participated in the UK Cohort II study. The Driver Behavior Questionnaire was completed at 6 months and 1, 2 and 3 years after licensure. Linear latent growth models indicated significant increases across development in all four dimensions of aberrant driving behavior under scrutiny: aggressive violations, ordinary violations, errors and slips. Unconditional and conditional latent growth class analyses showed that the observed heterogeneity in individual trajectories was explained by the presence of multiple homogeneous groups of drivers, each exhibiting specific trajectories of aberrant driver behavior. Initial levels of aberrant driver behavior were important in identifying sub-groups of drivers. All classes showed positive slopes; there was no evidence of a group of drivers whose aberrant behavior decreased over time that might explain the decrease in crash involvement observed over this period. Male gender and younger age predicted membership of trajectories with higher levels of aberrant behavior. These findings highlight the importance of early intervention for improving road safety. We discuss the implications of our findings for understanding the behavioral underpinnings of the decrease in crash involvement observed in the early months of driving.

KW - Driver Behavior Questionnaire

KW - Latent growth class analysis

KW - Longitudinal measurement invariance

KW - Novice drivers

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84930674702&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.aap.2015.05.012

DO - 10.1016/j.aap.2015.05.012

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:84930674702

VL - 82

SP - 61

EP - 69

JO - Accident Analysis and Prevention

JF - Accident Analysis and Prevention

SN - 0001-4575

ER -

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