Obsessive-compulsive disorder patients have a reduced sense of control on the illusion of control task

Claire M. Gillan*, Sharon Morein-Zamir, Alice M. S. Durieux, Naomi A. Fineberg, Barbara J. Sahakian, Trevor W. Robbins

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

There is disagreement regarding the role of perceived control in obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD). The present study used a traditional illusion of control paradigm (Alloy and Abramson, 1979) to empirically test control estimation in OCD. Twenty-six OCD patients and 26 matched comparison subjects completed an illusion of control task wherein their goal was to attempt to exert control over a light bulb. The density of reinforcement (high, low) and the valence of trials (gain, loss) were experimentally manipulated within subjects. Unbeknownst to participants, the illumination of the light bulb was predetermined and irrespective of their behavior. OCD patients exhibited lower estimates of control compared with healthy comparison subjects. There were no interactions between group and outcome density or group and valence. We found that OCD patients endorse lower estimates of control than comparison subjects. This finding highlights a potential role for contingency learning in the disorder.

Original languageEnglish
Article number204
Pages (from-to)N/A
Number of pages6
JournalFrontiers in Psychology
Volume5
Issue numberN/A
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 13 Mar 2014

Keywords

  • OCD
  • control
  • illusion of control
  • compulsivity
  • anxiety disorders
  • DEPRESSIVE REALISM
  • PSYCHOMETRIC PROPERTIES
  • CONTINGENCY JUDGMENTS
  • INTERTRIAL INTERVAL
  • COLLEGE-STUDENTS
  • INVENTORY
  • SUPERSTITIOUSNESS
  • RESPONSIBILITY
  • RELIABILITY
  • SYMPTOMS

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Obsessive-compulsive disorder patients have a reduced sense of control on the illusion of control task'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this