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OpenEP: A cross-platform electroanatomic mapping data format and analysis platform for electrophysiology research

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Original languageEnglish
JournalFrontiers in Physiology
Accepted/In press29 Jan 2021

Documents

  • OPENEP MANUSCRIPT SOURCE - clean

    OPENEP_MANUSCRIPT_SOURCE_clean.docx, 147 KB, application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.wordprocessingml.document

    Uploaded date:02 Feb 2021

    Version:Accepted author manuscript

    Licence:CC BY

King's Authors

Abstract

Background: Electroanatomic mapping systems are used to support electrophysiology research. Data exported from these systems is stored in proprietary formats which are challenging to access and storage-space inefficient. No previous work has made available an open-source platform for parsing and interrogating this data in a standardised format. We therefore sought to develop a standardised, open-source data structure and associated computer code to store electroanatomic mapping data in a space-efficient and easily accessible manner. Methods: A data structure was defined capturing the available anatomic and electrical data. OpenEP, implemented in MATLAB, was developed to parse and interrogate this data. Functions are provided for analysis of chamber geometry, activation mapping, conduction velocity mapping, voltage mapping, ablation sites, electrograms as well as visualisation and input/output functions. Performance benchmarking of for data import and storage was performed. Data import and analysis validation was performed for chamber geometry, activation mapping, voltage mapping and ablation representation. Finally, systematic analysis of electrophysiology literature was performed to determine the suitability of OpenEP for contemporary electrophysiology research. Results: The average time to parse clinical datasets was 400±162s per patient. OpenEP data was two orders of magnitude smaller than compressed clinical data (OpenEP: 20.5±8.7 Mb, vs clinical: 1.46±0.77 Gb). OpenEP-derived geometry metrics were correlated with the same clinical metrics (Area: R2=0.7726, P<0.0001; Volume: R2=0.5179, P<0.0001). Investigating the cause of systematic bias in these correlations revealed OpenEP to outperform the clinical platform in recovering accurate values. Both activation and voltage mapping data created with OpenEP were correlated with clinical values (mean voltage R2= 0.8708, P<0.001; local activation time R2= 0.8892, P<0.0001). OpenEP provides the processing necessary for 87 of 92 qualitatively assessed analysis techniques (95%) and 119 of 136 quantitatively assessed analysis techniques (88%) in a contemporary cohort of mapping studies. Conclusions: We present the OpenEP framework for evaluating electroanatomic mapping data. OpenEP provides the core functionality necessary to conduct electroanatomic mapping research. We demonstrate that OpenEP is both space-efficient and accurately representative of the original data. We show that OpenEP captures the majority of data required for contemporary electroanatomic mapping-based electrophysiology research and propose a roadmap for future development.

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