Optical dipolar chiral sorting forces and their manifestation in evanescent waves and nanofibers

Sebastian Golat, Jack J. Kingsley-Smith, Iago Diez, Josep Martinez-Romeu, Alejandro Martínez, Francisco J. Rodríguez-Fortuño

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Abstract

Optical fields can exert forces of chiral nature on molecules and nanoparticles, which would prove extremely valuable in the separation of enantiomers with pharmaceutical applications, yet it is inherently complex, and the varied frameworks used in the literature further complicate the theoretical understanding. This paper unifies existing approaches used to describe dipolar optical forces and introduces a symmetry-based "force basis"consisting of twelve vector fields, each weighted by particle-specific coefficients, for a streamlined description of force patterns. The approach is rigorously applied to evanescent waves and dielectric nanofibers, yielding concise analytical expressions for optical forces. Through this, we identify optimal strategies for enantiomer separation, offering invaluable guidance for future experiments.

Original languageEnglish
Article number023079
JournalPhysical Review Research
Volume6
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 22 Apr 2024

Keywords

  • physics.optics

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