Optimizing cardiac repair and regeneration through activation of the endogenous cardiac stem cell compartment

Georgina M Ellison, Bernardo Nadal-Ginard, Daniele Torella

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    28 Citations (Scopus)


    Given the aging of the Western World and declining death rates due to acute coronary syndromes, the increasing trends in the magnitude and morbidity of heart failure (HF) are predicted to continue for the foreseeable future. It is imperative to develop effective therapies for the amelioration and prevention of HF. The search for the best cell type to be used in clinical protocols of cardiac regeneration is still on. That the adult mammalian heart harbors endogenous, multipotent cardiac stem/progenitor cells (eCSCs) and that cardiomyocytes are replaced throughout adulthood represent a paradigm shift in cardiovascular biology. The presence of eCSCs supports the view that the heart can repair itself if the eCSCs can be properly stimulated. Pending a better understanding of eCSC biology, it should be possible to replace autologous cell transplantation-based myocardial regeneration protocols with an "off-the-shelf," readily available, and effective regenerative/reparative therapy based on activation of the eCSCs in situ.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)667-77
    Number of pages11
    JournalJournal of cardiovascular translational research
    Issue number5
    Publication statusPublished - Oct 2012


    • Animals
    • Adult Stem Cells
    • Cell Lineage
    • Heart Diseases
    • Humans
    • Cell Differentiation
    • Cell Proliferation
    • Regenerative Medicine
    • Phenotype
    • Regeneration
    • Myocytes, Cardiac
    • Gene Expression Regulation, Developmental
    • Signal Transduction


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