Orthotopic liver transplantation in the treatment of metastatic neuroendocrine tumors of the liver

Doug Routley, John K. Ramage, James McPeake, Kai‐Chah ‐C Tan, Roger Williams*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalEditorialpeer-review

75 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The place of orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT) in the management of metastatic hepatic neuroendocrine tumors has not been adequately defined. The present report is concerned with patient survival, disease recurrence, and symptom relief in 11 such patients in a single center who, at the time of transplantation, had no extrahepatic tumor. All patients obtained complete symptom relief initially but tumor recurrence was observed in 6 of the 11 cases (5 carcinoid and 1 apudoma) at a median of 11 months (range 3.5–26). Five patients have died, 4 in the carcinoid group with recurrence and one from chronic rejection in the other apudoma group. Of the 6 patients currently alive one of 2 carcinoids and one of 4 other apudomas have tumor recurrence. Recurrent deposits were found predominantly in bone and in the transplanted liver. Actuarial survival post transplant was 82% and 57% at 1 and 5 years respectively. It is concluded that OLT is effective at controlling symptoms from secreting carcinoid deposits in the liver. Although the tumor will recur in most cases, this is not necessarily associated with early return of symptoms. Prolonged disease free survival is more likely in the non carcinoid apudoma group

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)118-121
Number of pages4
JournalLIVER TRANSPLANTATION AND SURGERY
Volume1
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1995

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