Pane e Cioccolata: The Impact of Native Attitudes on Return Migration

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This paper addresses the link between native attitudes and return migration. We exploit the variation in xenophobia using information on media consumption by migrants in Italy. A widely documented crime provides a quasi-experimental setting to identify the impact of Italian attitudes on migrants' settlement intentions. Our results suggest a significant effect of anti-immigrant attitudes on the intended duration of stay in the host country. The impact is more pronounced for low-skilled migrants, which has consequences for how migration affects the long-run convergence between sending and destination countries.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)253-281
Number of pages29
JournalReview of International Economics
Issue number2
Early online date14 Jan 2016
Publication statusPublished - 3 Apr 2016


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