Parental beliefs and child-rearing attitudes and mental health problems among schoolchildren

Translated title of the contribution: Parental beliefs and child-rearing attitudes and mental health problems among schoolchildren

Y L C Vitolo, B Fleitlich-Bilyk, R Goodman, I A S Bordin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

50 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective To verify the prevalence and identify the risk factors related to mental health problems among schoolchildren and its possible association with the beliefs and educational attitudes of parents/caretakers. Methods Cross-sectional study with a stratified probabilistic sample (n = 454) of first to third-graders from public and private schools in Southeastern Brazil. Standardized instruments were administered to parents/caretakers by trained interviewers, including screening questionnaires for mental health problems among children and parents/ caretakers; a questionnaire on beliefs and attitudes; and a questionnaire for socioeconomic status. Chi-square tests and logistic regression models were used for statistical analysis. Results We found 35.2% prevalence of clinical/borderline cases among students. Parents/ caretakers that believed in corporal punishment as a child-rearing method used physical aggression towards their children more frequently (64.8%). Logistic regression models showed that the act of hitting the child with a belt was associated to conduct problems and to overall mental health problems among schoolchildren in the presence of other risk factors: child gender (male), parents/caretakers with mental health problems, and adverse socioeconomic conditions. Conclusions The high prevalence of mental health problems among schoolchildren and its association with child-rearing methods and mental health problems among parents/ caretakers indicate the need for psycho-educational interventions aimed to reduce physical abuse and mental health problems in childhood
Translated title of the contributionParental beliefs and child-rearing attitudes and mental health problems among schoolchildren
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Pages (from-to)716 - 724
Number of pages9
JournalRevista De Saude Publica
Volume39
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2005

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