Parental smoking in childhood and adult obstructive lung disease: results from the European Community Respiratory Health Survey

C Svanes, E Omenaas, D Jarvis, S Chinn, A Gulsvik, P Burney

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

152 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Early exposure to parental smoking appears to influence the development of the airways and predispose to respiratory symptoms. A study was undertaken to determine whether the consequences of parental smoking could be traced in adulthood. Methods: Information from interviewer-led questionnaires was available for 18922 subjects aged 20-44 years from random population samples in 37 areas participating in the European Community Respiratory Health Survey. Lung function data were available for 15-901 subjects. Results: In men, father's smoking in childhood was associated with more respiratory symptoms (ORwheeze 1.13 (95% CI 1.00 to 1.28); never smokers: ORwheeze 1.21 (95% CI 0.96 to 1.50)) and there was a dose-dependent association between number of parents smoking and wheeze (one: OR 1.08 (95% CI 0.94 to 1.24); both: OR 1.24 (95% CI 1.05 to 1.47); p(trend)=0.010). A reduced ratio of forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1) to forced vital capacity (FVC) was related to father's smoking (-0.3% (95% CI -0.6 to 0)) and number of parents smoking (p(trend)
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)295 - 302
Number of pages8
JournalThorax
Volume59
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2004

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