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Participatory urban appraisal and its application for research on violence

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Caroline Moser, Cathy McIlwaine

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)203-226
Number of pages24
JournalEnvironment and Urbanization
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1999

King's Authors


This paper emphasizes the importance of conducting participatory research on violence and describes the range of participatory urban appraisal tools that can be used to do so. This includes tools that can document the perceptions of poorer groups regarding the kinds of violence (economic, social or political), the extent, causes (and the links with poverty and exclusion) and consequences of violence, as well as the strategies for coping with or reducing, it. The use of these tools is illustrated with examples drawn from the findings of research on violence in 18 low-income communities in different cities in Colombia and Guatemala. The paper also outlines a conceptual framework on violence, poverty/exclusion, inequality and social capital that can help in the research design and in analyzing the findings.

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