Patient-specific simulations predict efficacy of ablation of interatrial connections for treatment of persistent atrial fibrillation

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Abstract

AimsTreatments for persistent atrial fibrillation (AF) offer limited efficacy. One potential strategy aims to return the right atrium (RA) to sinus rhythm (SR) by ablating interatrial connections (IAC) to isolate the atria, but there is limited clinical data to evaluate this ablation approach. We aimed to use simulation to evaluate and predict patient-specific suitability for ablation of IAC to treat AF.
Methods and resultsPersistent AF was simulated in 12 patient-specific geometries, incorporating electrophysiological heterogeneity and fibres, with IAC at Bachmann’s bundle, the coronary sinus, and fossa ovalis. Simulations were performed to test the effect of left atrial (LA)-to-RA frequency gradient and fibrotic remodelling on IAC ablation efficacy. During AF, we simulated ablation of one, two, or all three IAC, with or without pulmonary vein isolation and determined if this altered or terminated the arrhythmia. For models without structural remodelling, ablating all IAC terminated RA arrhythmia in 83% of cases. Models with the LA-to-RA frequency gradient removed had an increased success rate (100% success). Ablation of IACs is less effective in cases with fibrotic remodelling (interstitial fibrosis 50% success rate; combination remodelling 67%). Mean number of phase singularities in the RA was higher pre-ablation for IAC failure (success 0.6 ± 0.8 vs. failure 3.2 ± 2.5, P < 0.001).
ConclusionThis simulation study predicts that IAC ablation is effective in returning the RA to SR for many cases. Patient-specific modelling approaches have the potential to stratify patients prior to ablation by predicting if drivers are located in the LA or RA. We present a platform for predicting efficacy and informing patient selection for speculative treatments.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)iii55–iii68
JournalEuropace
Volume20
Issue numbersuppl_3
Early online date23 Nov 2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2018

Keywords

  • Atrial fibrillation
  • computer modeling
  • phase singularity mapping
  • atrial fibrosis
  • ablation therapy
  • inter-atrial conduction

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