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Patient-reported quality of life in patients with relapsed/refractory cutaneous T-cell lymphoma: Results from the randomised phase III ALCANZA study

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Reinhard Dummer, Henry M. Prince, Sean Whittaker, Steven M. Horwitz, Youn H. Kim, Julia Scarisbrick, Pietro Quaglino, Pier Luigi Zinzani, Pascal Wolter, Herbert Eradat, Lauren Pinter-Brown, Jose A. Sanches, Pablo L. Ortiz-Romero, Oleg E. Akilov, Larisa Geskin, Auris Huen, Jan Walewski, Yinghui Wang, Julie Lisano, Akshara Richhariya & 7 more Joseph Feliciano, Yanyan Zhu, Veronica Bunn, Meredith Little, Erin Zagadailov, Mehul R. Dalal, Madeleine Duvic

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)120-130
Number of pages11
JournalEuropean Journal of Cancer
Volume133
DOIs
PublishedJul 2020

King's Authors

Abstract

Background: Brentuximab vedotin was approved for adult patients with CD30-expressing cutaneous T-cell lymphoma treated with prior systemic therapy based on improved response rates and progression-free survival with brentuximab vedotin (1.8 mg/kg once every 3 weeks; ≤16 cycles) versus physician's choice (methotrexate/bexarotene; ≤48 weeks) in the phase III ALCANZA study. Quality of life (QoL) in ALCANZA patients was also examined. Methods: QoL measures in ALCANZA were based on the Skindex-29, Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-General (FACT-G) and European QoL 5-dimension (EQ-5D) questionnaires. Results: Mean maximum reduction from the baseline Skindex-29 symptom domain score (key secondary end-point) was greater with brentuximab vedotin than physician's choice (–27.96 versus –8.62); the difference, –18.9 (95% confidence interval –26.6, –11.2; adjusted p < 0.001), exceeded the study-defined minimally important difference (9.0–12.3). Mean changes from baseline to end-of-treatment visit total FACT-G scores were similar with brentuximab vedotin and physician's choice (0.15 versus –2.29). EQ-5D changes were also comparable between arms. Among brentuximab vedotin-treated patients with peripheral neuropathy (PN), mean maximum reduction in Skindex-29 symptom domain was –35.54 versus –11.11 in patients without PN. PN had no meaningful effect on FACT-G and EQ-5D QoL scores. Conclusions: In summary, brentuximab vedotin produced superior reductions in symptom burden compared with physician's choice, without adversely impacting QoL. QoL was unaffected by the presence of PN in brentuximab vedotin-treated patients. Clinical trial registration: NCT01578499.

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