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Pattern of experienced and anticipated discrimination among people with depression in Nigeria: a cross-sectional study

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Pattern of experienced and anticipated discrimination among people with depression in Nigeria : a cross-sectional study. / Oshodi, Yewande O.; Abdulmalik, Jibril; Ola, Bolanle; James, Bawo O.; Bonetto, Chiara; Cristofalo, Doriana; Van Bortel, Tine; Sartorius, Norman; Thornicroft, Graham.

In: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology, Vol. 49, No. 2, 02.2014, p. 259-266.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Harvard

Oshodi, YO, Abdulmalik, J, Ola, B, James, BO, Bonetto, C, Cristofalo, D, Van Bortel, T, Sartorius, N & Thornicroft, G 2014, 'Pattern of experienced and anticipated discrimination among people with depression in Nigeria: a cross-sectional study', Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology, vol. 49, no. 2, pp. 259-266. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00127-013-0737-4

APA

Oshodi, Y. O., Abdulmalik, J., Ola, B., James, B. O., Bonetto, C., Cristofalo, D., ... Thornicroft, G. (2014). Pattern of experienced and anticipated discrimination among people with depression in Nigeria: a cross-sectional study. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology, 49(2), 259-266. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00127-013-0737-4

Vancouver

Oshodi YO, Abdulmalik J, Ola B, James BO, Bonetto C, Cristofalo D et al. Pattern of experienced and anticipated discrimination among people with depression in Nigeria: a cross-sectional study. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology. 2014 Feb;49(2):259-266. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00127-013-0737-4

Author

Oshodi, Yewande O. ; Abdulmalik, Jibril ; Ola, Bolanle ; James, Bawo O. ; Bonetto, Chiara ; Cristofalo, Doriana ; Van Bortel, Tine ; Sartorius, Norman ; Thornicroft, Graham. / Pattern of experienced and anticipated discrimination among people with depression in Nigeria : a cross-sectional study. In: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology. 2014 ; Vol. 49, No. 2. pp. 259-266.

Bibtex Download

@article{7a587a02129c4c45b4c997cf0d136603,
title = "Pattern of experienced and anticipated discrimination among people with depression in Nigeria: a cross-sectional study",
abstract = "Purpose  Stigma is commonly encountered by individuals with mental illness and leads to discrimination. These phenomena restrict access to and use of mental health care services. This study evaluated the impact of stigma and discrimination among individuals with major depression in Nigeria. Methods  A cross-sectional study was conducted across four tertiary psychiatric facilities located in different regions of Nigeria. Consenting adults attending the psychiatric units in the participating sites with a diagnosis of a major depressive disorder and having an episode within the past 12 months were recruited. Interviews were conducted using a socio-demographic questionnaire, the Discrimination and Stigma Scale, the Internalized Stigma of Mental Illness Scale, the Boston University Self Empowerment Scale, and the Rosenberg Self Esteem Scale. Results  One hundred and three interviews were completed. The mean age of the participants was 35.5 years. The most frequent item for experienced discrimination was being unfairly treated in dating or intimate relationships (13.6 {\%}), while concealment of mental illness was the most common for anticipated discrimination (51.5 {\%}). Younger people (age less than 40 years) with a higher level of education appear to be at high risk for experienced discrimination. Conclusions  Important suggestions may be derived for clinicians, caregivers, and policy makers to appreciate the role of stigma in the burden, treatment, and rehabilitation of individuals with depression, especially for younger people with higher level of education.",
keywords = "Stigma, Discrimination, Depression, Nigeria, MENTAL-HEALTH, SELF-STIGMA, PSYCHOMETRIC PROPERTIES, ILLNESS, SCALE, EMPOWERMENT, DISORDERS, ATTITUDE, ESTEEM",
author = "Oshodi, {Yewande O.} and Jibril Abdulmalik and Bolanle Ola and James, {Bawo O.} and Chiara Bonetto and Doriana Cristofalo and {Van Bortel}, Tine and Norman Sartorius and Graham Thornicroft",
year = "2014",
month = "2",
doi = "10.1007/s00127-013-0737-4",
language = "English",
volume = "49",
pages = "259--266",
journal = "Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology",
issn = "0933-7954",
publisher = "Science House",
number = "2",

}

RIS (suitable for import to EndNote) Download

TY - JOUR

T1 - Pattern of experienced and anticipated discrimination among people with depression in Nigeria

T2 - a cross-sectional study

AU - Oshodi, Yewande O.

AU - Abdulmalik, Jibril

AU - Ola, Bolanle

AU - James, Bawo O.

AU - Bonetto, Chiara

AU - Cristofalo, Doriana

AU - Van Bortel, Tine

AU - Sartorius, Norman

AU - Thornicroft, Graham

PY - 2014/2

Y1 - 2014/2

N2 - Purpose  Stigma is commonly encountered by individuals with mental illness and leads to discrimination. These phenomena restrict access to and use of mental health care services. This study evaluated the impact of stigma and discrimination among individuals with major depression in Nigeria. Methods  A cross-sectional study was conducted across four tertiary psychiatric facilities located in different regions of Nigeria. Consenting adults attending the psychiatric units in the participating sites with a diagnosis of a major depressive disorder and having an episode within the past 12 months were recruited. Interviews were conducted using a socio-demographic questionnaire, the Discrimination and Stigma Scale, the Internalized Stigma of Mental Illness Scale, the Boston University Self Empowerment Scale, and the Rosenberg Self Esteem Scale. Results  One hundred and three interviews were completed. The mean age of the participants was 35.5 years. The most frequent item for experienced discrimination was being unfairly treated in dating or intimate relationships (13.6 %), while concealment of mental illness was the most common for anticipated discrimination (51.5 %). Younger people (age less than 40 years) with a higher level of education appear to be at high risk for experienced discrimination. Conclusions  Important suggestions may be derived for clinicians, caregivers, and policy makers to appreciate the role of stigma in the burden, treatment, and rehabilitation of individuals with depression, especially for younger people with higher level of education.

AB - Purpose  Stigma is commonly encountered by individuals with mental illness and leads to discrimination. These phenomena restrict access to and use of mental health care services. This study evaluated the impact of stigma and discrimination among individuals with major depression in Nigeria. Methods  A cross-sectional study was conducted across four tertiary psychiatric facilities located in different regions of Nigeria. Consenting adults attending the psychiatric units in the participating sites with a diagnosis of a major depressive disorder and having an episode within the past 12 months were recruited. Interviews were conducted using a socio-demographic questionnaire, the Discrimination and Stigma Scale, the Internalized Stigma of Mental Illness Scale, the Boston University Self Empowerment Scale, and the Rosenberg Self Esteem Scale. Results  One hundred and three interviews were completed. The mean age of the participants was 35.5 years. The most frequent item for experienced discrimination was being unfairly treated in dating or intimate relationships (13.6 %), while concealment of mental illness was the most common for anticipated discrimination (51.5 %). Younger people (age less than 40 years) with a higher level of education appear to be at high risk for experienced discrimination. Conclusions  Important suggestions may be derived for clinicians, caregivers, and policy makers to appreciate the role of stigma in the burden, treatment, and rehabilitation of individuals with depression, especially for younger people with higher level of education.

KW - Stigma

KW - Discrimination

KW - Depression

KW - Nigeria

KW - MENTAL-HEALTH

KW - SELF-STIGMA

KW - PSYCHOMETRIC PROPERTIES

KW - ILLNESS

KW - SCALE

KW - EMPOWERMENT

KW - DISORDERS

KW - ATTITUDE

KW - ESTEEM

U2 - 10.1007/s00127-013-0737-4

DO - 10.1007/s00127-013-0737-4

M3 - Article

VL - 49

SP - 259

EP - 266

JO - Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology

JF - Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology

SN - 0933-7954

IS - 2

ER -

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