Periodontal infectogenomics: a systematic review update of associations between host genetic variants and subgingival microbial detection

Noha Zoheir, Yuko Kurushima, Guo Hao Lin, Luigi Nibali*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: The aim of this study was to systematically update the evidence for associations between host genetic variants and subgingival microbial detection and counts. Materials and methods: Following a previous systematic review (Nibali et al. J Clin Periodontol 43(11): 889-900, 15), an update of a systematic search of the literature was conducted in Ovid Medline, Embase, LILACS, and Cochrane Library for studies reporting data on host genetic variants and detection of microbes subgingivally published in the last 6 years. Results: A total of 19 studies were included in the review, from an initial search of 2797 titles. Studies consisted mainly of candidate gene studies and of one genome-wide analysis. A total of 62 studies were considered for summary findings, including 43 identified in the previous systematic review of studies published up to 2015. Meta-analyses were done when appropriate including both papers in the original review and in the update. Meta-analyses revealed lack of associations between IL1 composite genotype and subgingival detection of Aggregatibacter acinomycetemcomitans, Poprhyromonas gingivalis, Tannerella forsythia, Treponema denticola, and Prevotella intermedia. Promising evidence is emerging from other genetic variants and from sub-analyses of data from genome-association studies. Among other studies with candidate-gene, target SNPs were mainly within the IL10, IL6, IL4, IL8, IL17A, and VDR gene. Conclusions: IL1 composite genotype does not seem to be associated with subgingival microbial detection. Promising associations should be pursued by future studies, including studies employing -OMICS technologies. Clinical relevance: A better knowledge of which host genetic variant predispose to subgingival microbial colonization and to the development of progression of periodontal disease could potentially help to better understand periodontal disease pathogenesis and help with its management.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2209-2221
Number of pages13
JournalCLINICAL ORAL INVESTIGATIONS
Volume26
Issue number3
Early online date5 Feb 2022
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2022

Keywords

  • Bacteria
  • Genetic
  • Infectogenomics
  • Periodontitis

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